Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes.
This secondary research project explores regulatory differences and similarities in the two areas that have the most sway over other parts of the world, the United States of America and the European Union. Additionally, the researcher suggests updates to current regulations and also new regulations to implement within New Zealand, in order to restrict usage and promote safety in the industry, while also giving a brief overview of what an E-Cigarette is, and information about Nicotine. E-Cigarettes have been a major topic of discussion and regulation as of recent, with many governmental bodies restricting and prohibiting the access to E-Cigarettes in some cases. With such a sudden rise in popularity, many governmental bodies around the world are scrambling to properly regulate E-Cigarettes as quickly as possible, either knowingly or unknowingly hurting the industry in the process.
Smoking is one of the largest causes of death and disease in the developed world, responsible for 96,000 deaths per year in the UK. If current trends continue, it is estimated that globally, a billion lives will be lost to smoking-related diseases by the end of the 21st century. This briefing summarises the facts and figures around smoking cessation and the use of e-cigarettes for behaviour change in adults followed by public policy recommendations to facilitate smoking cessation.